ABOUT THE STONES
At Global Marble & Granite, we believe there is a stone that’s perfect for you and your home. This is where we come in: helping you to determine what that stone is. Of course, if you already know the type of stone you want, the next step is picking the slab that will be used for your specific application.
If you are undecided on what variety of stone is best suited for your project, don’t worry. As part of our process, we work closely with you to identify your needs, including the way you will be using natural stone in your home. We are there to ensure you will be happy with your stone, not only when it’s installed, but 10, 20, and 30 years from now.
Based upon what you are looking for, Global Marble & Granite will provide you with recommendations. Ultimately, the choice of whether to use marble, granite, slate, limestone, or Caesarstone is up to you. Because there are so many options, it can be confusing to know what the differences are among the types of stone. The guide below may help you to eliminate confusion.
Each type of natural stone fits into one of two general categories: siliceous or calcareous. Siliceous stone (granite, slate, sandstone, quartzite, brownstone) is characterized by its durability and ease of care and maintenance. It is composed of silica or quartz-like materials. Calcareous stone (marble, travertine, limestone, onyx) is sensitive to acidic cleaning products and requires a different care and maintenance than its siliceous counterpart. It is composed primarily of calcium carbonate.
The specific types of natural stone we offer include the following:
Why not start with one of the natural stones in our name? Marble is often used for countertops, bathrooms, floors, fireplaces, and foyers. Available in an almost limitless collection of colors, marble is noted for its fine texture and distinct veining, which is prominent and runs throughout.
Because it is a softer stone than granite, marble can be scratched, which is why we recommend the use of cutting boards and other protective measures in a kitchen. It is also susceptible to damage from acidic solutions (lemon juice, tomato, vinegar, etc.), which can etch the surface of the material. Sealing marble can help reduce this damage even though it is not always 100 percent effective.
The other half of our name: granite. By far the most popular choice for kitchen counters, granite is one of the hardest stones available. Why does this matter? Because the harder the stone, the more resistant it is to abrasions and scratching. Granite is a durable stone, known for its ability to withstand heavy use.
This makes kitchen countertops, tabletops, bars, and floors ideal applications for granite. It can also be used in outdoor applications—paving, countertops, bars, and fireplaces—to add to the exterior beauty of your home.
Most typically used in floors (both indoor and outdoor), slate is softer than granite and is more susceptible to scratching and abrasion. Despite this quality, many people like to use it for kitchen countertops, tabletops, and fireplaces. Customers should take the same precautions with slate as they do with marble.
Unlike marble, slate comes in only a handful of colors: dark green, black, gray, dark red, and multicolored. One additional note: Slate does not have a smooth surface so it may add a more rustic touch to your décor than other stones.
Sandstone is commonly used for fireplace facings, chimneys, garden walls, and outdoor areas, including pools. Its color varies widely because of the materials (minerals and clays) found in the stone.
Most popularly used as a building stone, limestone has similar weaknesses to marble (easily scratched) when used in countertops. Sealing is often recommended for limestone as a way to maintain and preserve it. Its uses range from interior floors and countertops to exterior paving and wall cladding. Limestone is available in a small array of colors that include gray, tan, and buff.
A type of limestone, travertine is among the more popular natural stones for wall cladding (both interior and exterior). Some choose it for interior floors, exterior paving, curbing, and statuary.
An engineered stone, the majority of Caesarstone is quartz. Touted for its heat- and stain-resistant properties, Caesarstone offers multiple edging, finish, and texture options. Caesarstone’s colors are more limited than those of its competitor, Silestone. Another difference between the two: Silestone uses slightly less quartz than Caesarstone.